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The half cent was among the first coin strikes authorized by the U.S. Congress on April 2, 1792. Designed by Adam Eckfeldt and first released in 1793, it was minted at the Philadelphia Mint periodically until 1857. Its metal composition was of copper and weighed of 6.74 grams. It is the smallest-denomination coin ever minted in the United States. Its small buying power and large size 22mm, led to its unpopularity at that time in history. Production of the Half Cent discontinued production on February 21, 1857.

Though it may appear strange nowadays, the U.S. government once issued a coin worth less than one cent: the half cent. The copper Half Cent started in production on April 2, 1792. During its 64-years in circulation the Government stuck five basic design types of the tiny (0.93-in) coin. The Philadelphia Mint was the choice of location for striking the first batch of Half Cent coins. A mint Mark was not forged on the coins. The Half Cent's designers and engravers are amongst the most renowned in U.S. Mint history: Adam Eckfeldt, Robert Scot, John Gardner, Gilbert Stuart, John Reich and Christian Gobrecht. Designs for the Half Cent were also translated for use other coin denominations throughout the years. Below is a brief summary of the Half Cent coinage designs.

Liberty Cap

The 1793 Liberty Cap was the first half cent struck and as a result, is a highly coveted coin for today's coin collectors. The obverse design, is believed to be based on sketches made by Mint Director David Rittenhouse, although it is not known for certain who actually finalized the design and the dies for the first Half Cents strike. The obverse features a portrait of “Liberty” facing left. Her hair is flowing behind her, and ascending from the back of her head is a pole that supports a liberty cap. The reverse features a laurel wreath of leaves and berries which circle the value, “HALF CENT”. In 1794 the “Liberty Cap” half cent saw its first design change after only one year of circulation. This design, “Liberty” is facing to the right. While there were many different forms of this design type, the most famed change, other than the direction of “Liberty”, is that she now is wearing her liberty cap. There are varieties which do place the cap held upright by a pole. The reverse remained the same as the previous designs, with a wreath circling the value, “HALF CENT”.

Draped Burst

Starting in 1800, the Half Cents design changed with the introduction of the "Draped Bust" form. The obverse featured a larger version of “Liberty” facing right. The reverse was graced with the existing wreath already in use. The laurel wreath is a close copy of that seen on 1797 Cents. It displays 16 leaves on the left branch and 19 on the right. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” surrounds the border and the value “HALF CENT” is centered on the coin with the fraction, 1/200 at the coin's lower edge.

Braided Hair

The last design variety in the “Half Cent” series is the “Braided Hair”. The designer, Christian Gobrecht, used the same Braided Hair conception he used on the cent of 1839. A bust of “Liberty”, facing left, graces the obverse. Her hair is braided into a bun. She wears a tiara inscribed with the word "liberty". The reverse side was a re-introduction of that used on the 1809 rendition. The denomination, “HALF CENT”, is bordered by a wreath, tied at the bottom with a bow, and circled by the legend “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”.

Here is a sample of popular U.S. half cent coins selling on eBay right now.

1833 half cent pcgs vf35
1833 half cent pcgs vf35
$81.11
1825 US Classic Head Half Cent 005c Full Liberty Full Ear 63000 Minted
1825 US Classic Head Half Cent 005c Full Liberty Full Ear 63000 Minted
$49.85
1804 Draapped Bust Half cent
1804 Draapped Bust Half cent
$8.50
1828 US Classic Head Half Cent 005c Full Liberty Rare 12 Stars
1828 US Classic Head Half Cent 005c Full Liberty Rare 12 Stars
$27.00
1834 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT COIN
1834 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT COIN
$53.00
1832 Classic Head Half Cent XF 40 PCGS
1832 Classic Head Half Cent XF 40 PCGS
$79.87
1855 Braided Hair US Copper Half Cent Counterstamped G Counterstamp 1 2 Cent
1855 Braided Hair US Copper Half Cent Counterstamped G Counterstamp 1 2 Cent
$15.80
1828 Classic Half Cent
1828 Classic Half Cent
$10.50
1835 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
1835 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
$23.50
1835 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
1835 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
$52.00
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent Free Shipping
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent Free Shipping
$19.05
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent
$23.75
1804 Draped Bust Half Cent
1804 Draped Bust Half Cent
$16.59
1803 1 2C BN Draped Bust Half Cent
1803 1 2C BN Draped Bust Half Cent
$8.05
1834 Classic Head Half Cent
1834 Classic Head Half Cent
$4.75
1804 Spiked Chin Draped Bust Half Cent XF  FREE SHIPPING
1804 Spiked Chin Draped Bust Half Cent XF FREE SHIPPING
$61.00
1804 Half Cent Extra Fine Details Obverse scratched
1804 Half Cent Extra Fine Details Obverse scratched
$48.50
1850 XF AU Coronet Head Half Cent BLT
1850 XF AU Coronet Head Half Cent BLT
$103.50
1803 XF AU Draped Bust Half Cent AU1510
1803 XF AU Draped Bust Half Cent AU1510
$76.00
1816 Classic Head Half Cent PCGS Genuine Cleaning F Details
1816 Classic Head Half Cent PCGS Genuine Cleaning F Details
$19.00
1854 Braided Hair US Coin Copper Half Cent Counterstamped MS 1 2 Cent
1854 Braided Hair US Coin Copper Half Cent Counterstamped MS 1 2 Cent
$22.00
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent Old Circ Rare + No Reserve
1803 Draped Bust Half Cent Old Circ Rare + No Reserve
$15.50
1809 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT 205 YEARS OLD178 DEGREE ROTATED REVERSE DIE
1809 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT 205 YEARS OLD178 DEGREE ROTATED REVERSE DIE
$27.00
1803 HALF CENT
1803 HALF CENT
$6.55
1809 6 KEY DATE HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
1809 6 KEY DATE HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
$54.00
1833 HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
1833 HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
$26.00
1851 HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
1851 HIGH GRADE HALF CENT FROM BIG COLLECTION
$39.01
1825 BU AU Virtual Full BU Classic Head Half Cent NHZ
1825 BU AU Virtual Full BU Classic Head Half Cent NHZ
$77.00
1861 Nova Scotia Half Cent  1861 Nova Scotia One Cent Victoria
1861 Nova Scotia Half Cent 1861 Nova Scotia One Cent Victoria
$5.50
1832 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
1832 Classic Head Half Cent Free Shipping
$17.49

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