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The half cent was among the first coin strikes authorized by the U.S. Congress on April 2, 1792. Designed by Adam Eckfeldt and first released in 1793, it was minted at the Philadelphia Mint periodically until 1857. Its metal composition was of copper and weighed of 6.74 grams. It is the smallest-denomination coin ever minted in the United States. Its small buying power and large size 22mm, led to its unpopularity at that time in history. Production of the Half Cent discontinued production on February 21, 1857.

Though it may appear strange nowadays, the U.S. government once issued a coin worth less than one cent: the half cent. The copper Half Cent started in production on April 2, 1792. During its 64-years in circulation the Government stuck five basic design types of the tiny (0.93-in) coin. The Philadelphia Mint was the choice of location for striking the first batch of Half Cent coins. A mint Mark was not forged on the coins. The Half Cent's designers and engravers are amongst the most renowned in U.S. Mint history: Adam Eckfeldt, Robert Scot, John Gardner, Gilbert Stuart, John Reich and Christian Gobrecht. Designs for the Half Cent were also translated for use other coin denominations throughout the years. Below is a brief summary of the Half Cent coinage designs.

Liberty Cap

The 1793 Liberty Cap was the first half cent struck and as a result, is a highly coveted coin for today's coin collectors. The obverse design, is believed to be based on sketches made by Mint Director David Rittenhouse, although it is not known for certain who actually finalized the design and the dies for the first Half Cents strike. The obverse features a portrait of “Liberty” facing left. Her hair is flowing behind her, and ascending from the back of her head is a pole that supports a liberty cap. The reverse features a laurel wreath of leaves and berries which circle the value, “HALF CENT”. In 1794 the “Liberty Cap” half cent saw its first design change after only one year of circulation. This design, “Liberty” is facing to the right. While there were many different forms of this design type, the most famed change, other than the direction of “Liberty”, is that she now is wearing her liberty cap. There are varieties which do place the cap held upright by a pole. The reverse remained the same as the previous designs, with a wreath circling the value, “HALF CENT”.

Draped Burst

Starting in 1800, the Half Cents design changed with the introduction of the "Draped Bust" form. The obverse featured a larger version of “Liberty” facing right. The reverse was graced with the existing wreath already in use. The laurel wreath is a close copy of that seen on 1797 Cents. It displays 16 leaves on the left branch and 19 on the right. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” surrounds the border and the value “HALF CENT” is centered on the coin with the fraction, 1/200 at the coin's lower edge.

Braided Hair

The last design variety in the “Half Cent” series is the “Braided Hair”. The designer, Christian Gobrecht, used the same Braided Hair conception he used on the cent of 1839. A bust of “Liberty”, facing left, graces the obverse. Her hair is braided into a bun. She wears a tiara inscribed with the word "liberty". The reverse side was a re-introduction of that used on the 1809 rendition. The denomination, “HALF CENT”, is bordered by a wreath, tied at the bottom with a bow, and circled by the legend “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”.

Here is a sample of popular U.S. half cent coins selling on eBay right now.

1809 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD
1809 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD
$27.00
1828 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD 13 STARS
1828 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD 13 STARS
$20.02
1833 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD
1833 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD
$35.09
1832 Classic Half Cent Fine Details
1832 Classic Half Cent Fine Details
$18.55
1854 Braided Hair Half Cent Nice Coin
1854 Braided Hair Half Cent Nice Coin
$89.77
1809 Classic Head Half Cent XF  Circulated US Coin
1809 Classic Head Half Cent XF Circulated US Coin
$69.00
1855 BRAIDED HAIR HALF CENT COIN
1855 BRAIDED HAIR HALF CENT COIN
$63.52
1825 Classic Half Cent Very Fine
1825 Classic Half Cent Very Fine
$41.00
1832 US Half Cent VF
1832 US Half Cent VF
$40.55
1834 US Half Cent XF
1834 US Half Cent XF
$52.29
1826 Classic Half Cent Nice Original Fine
1826 Classic Half Cent Nice Original Fine
$35.00
1808 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT Very Good Free Shipping
1808 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT Very Good Free Shipping
$42.89
1835 Half Cent 1 2c 13 Stars Classic Head Lot 11
1835 Half Cent 1 2c 13 Stars Classic Head Lot 11
$5.50
1828 Half Cent Classic Head 12 Stars Variety  Free Shipping
1828 Half Cent Classic Head 12 Stars Variety Free Shipping
$18.50
1854 1 2C Braided Hair Half Cent
1854 1 2C Braided Hair Half Cent
$14.00
1853 Half Cent Braided Hair Gorgeous Choice BU++ Early Copper  Free S H
1853 Half Cent Braided Hair Gorgeous Choice BU++ Early Copper Free S H
$95.00
1855 Braided Head Half CentSharp Detail Must See
1855 Braided Head Half CentSharp Detail Must See
$42.06
1850 Braided Hair Half Cent Very Rare
1850 Braided Hair Half Cent Very Rare
$150.50
1803 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT GOOD DETAILS
1803 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT GOOD DETAILS
$24.50
1804 CORRODED DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
1804 CORRODED DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
$20.50
1804 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD FINE DETAILS
1804 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD FINE DETAILS
$46.00
1804 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT FINE DETAILS DAMAGE
1804 DRAPED BUST HALF CENT FINE DETAILS DAMAGE
$20.50
1808 PITTED DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
1808 PITTED DRAPED BUST HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
$22.00
1811 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT ABOUT GOOD DETAILS
1811 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT ABOUT GOOD DETAILS
$20.50
1828 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
1828 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
$13.50
1829 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
1829 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
$24.50
1832 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY FINE DETAILS
1832 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY FINE DETAILS
$36.00
1834 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT FINE DETAILS
1834 CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT FINE DETAILS
$38.00
1835 CLEANED CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
1835 CLEANED CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY GOOD DETAILS
$12.50
1835 PITTED CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY FINE DETAILS
1835 PITTED CLASSIC HEAD HALF CENT VERY FINE DETAILS
$24.50

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